Venus
                   
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  Introduction:  
 

 

Venus is the second-closest planet to the Sun, orbiting it every 224.7 Earth days. It is located between our Earth and Mercury and is similar to Earth in size and structure. Also, It is our inner neighbor, the planet that closest to us and appear larger than any other in our sky. The planet is named after Venus, the Roman goddess of LOVE. Venus reaches its maximum brightness shortly before sunrise or shortly after sunset, for which reason it is often called the Morning Star or the Evening Star.

Venus is second only to moon in brightness in the night sky. Venus's nearest rival Jupiter is never more than half as radiant, while Sirius, the biggest star in the night sky, is only 8 percent as luminous.

Venus orbits the Sun at an average distance of about 108 million km, and completes an orbit every224.7 days. Venus rotates once every 243 days—by far the slowest rotation period of any of the major planets. Venus 'overtakes' the Earth every 584 days as it orbits the Sun. As it does so, it goes from being the 'Evening star', visible after sunset, to being the 'Morning star', visible before sunrise.

 

 
  Do you know/ Interesting facts:
  > Venus was known in the Hindu Jyotisha since early times as the planet Shukra. In the West, before the advent of the telescope, Venus was known as a 'wandering star'.

> Venus's surface hotter than Mercury's which has a minimum surface temperature of -220 °C and maximum surface temperature of 420 °C, even though Venus is nearly twice Mercury's distance from the Sun and receives only 25% of Mercury's solar irradiance.

> No heat can escape the atmosphere on Venus. It is like being trapped inside a huge greenhouse, with temperature rising even higher than on mercury.

> In 1990, the U.S Magellan probe sent photos of Venus and they showed that Once upon a time there may be oceans on the planet Venus but it is thought that these was boiled away million years ago.

> Venus is often also called as our twin or sister planet.

> On the Venus, the Sun would appear to rise in the west and set in the east.

> Venus rotates at lower speed compared to the other planets

> Venus is the 6th largest planet in our solar system.

> Venus does not have even one satellite or moon.

> Sometime before sunrise and shortly after sunset; Venus reaches its maximum brightness. Due to this, it is usually called the 'Morning Star' or the 'Evening Star'.

> Venus has the densest atmosphere of all the terrestrial planets, which is mainly consist of carbon dioxide.

> One day on Venus Day is equal to 243 days on Earth, while its one year is equal to 224.7 days on Earth.

> Venus is the only planet in the Solar System that rotates clockwise. All the other planets rotate anti-clockwise.

> Around 80 percent of Venus's surface is made of smooth volcanic plains, and the remainder claiming to have three highland 'continents'.

> After the Sun and the Moon, Venus is the brightest object in the sky

> If you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you would weigh 91 pounds on Venus.